Aquaporin-4, also known as AQP4, is a water channel protein .Forms a water-specific channel. Osmoreceptor which regulates body water balance and mediates water flow within the central nervous system. It is expressed predominantly in the ependymal cell lining the aqueductal system and over the space of the brain in contact with the subarachnoid space, as cerebrospinal fluid fills these structures it may facilitate water balance between brain parenchyma and the fluid compartment. In the plasma membranes of the neurons of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, it may mediate rapid changes in cell volume in response to local shifts in extracellular osmolarity.
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