CTBP1 also named as C-terminal-binding protein 1 which belongs to the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. CTBP1 is a cellular phosphoprotein that associates with various proteins and functions as a corepressor of transcription.Involved in controlling the equilibrium between tubular and stacked structures in the Golgi complex. Functions in brown adipose tissue (BAT) differentiation. Corepressor targeting diverse transcription regulators such as GLIS2. Has dehydrogenase activity. CTBP1 and the related protein CTBP2 are characterized as C-terminal binding protein of adenovirus E1A, and they preferentially associate with the E1A via a 5-amino acid motif, PLDLS, to repress E1A induced oncogenesis and cellular transformation. CTBP1 is expressed from embryo to adult, but CTBP2 is mainly expressed during embryogenesis.
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