Proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) was originally identified by immunofluorescence as a nuclear protein whose appearance correlated with the proliferative state of the cell. PCNA/cyclin has been localized by in situ hybridization to the short arm of human chromosome 20 with a peak of grains over band 20p13. PCNA gene is present in single copy and has 6 exons. It spans 4,961 bp. Synthesis of the nuclear protein cyclin and DNA in quiescent mouse fibroblasts is coordinately induced by serum and purified growth factors. PCNA controls establishment of sister chromatid cohesion during S phase.
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